Tal como previsto no programa, a Quinta de manhã foi inteiramente dedicada a trabalhos de projecto: enquanto os aluns portugueses iam às aulas, os alunos húngaros na nossa biblioteca realizavam as tarefas previamente combinadas. A primeira consistia em retratar a nossa escola nos seus diversos aspectos: gestão, regras, disciplina, projectos inovadores, percepção dos pais e dos alunos.
Os alunos húngaros recolheram informação para os seus relatórios através de entrevistas com a direcção (Profª Sara Moura), com os pais de acolhimento, os seus parceiros e igualmente com um grupo de alunos envolvido em projectos técnico-científicos com a supervisão do colega Rudolfo Pereira a quem agradeço a colaboração.
1. General Education
Our topic is about Portuguese education. It is different from the Hungarian educational system. In Hungary we have primary school with eight grades, and then we go to high school until the 12th or 13th grade. It is compulsory until the age of 18. That is all about the Hungarian educational system for now.
In Portugal you have four + two years in primary school and these can be in different schools, then you go to secondary school until the 12th grade. It is compulsory from the 7th grade to the 9th grade. At the end of the 11th and the 12th grades you have exams, and the marks of the exams count towards the application to the university. In the grades of 10 to 12 you can choose different courses. They can be science (math, biology, chemistry, and physics), economics, and arts (history, languages). The subject of economics includes the social contracts of the world, basic economic concepts, financial systems versus economic systems and also political systems. You can choose vocational courses as well, like tourism, computers or social work with children. In this school you can also choose from three different languages, which are English, French and German.
In the morning students have three lessons which are 90 minutes long and two or three times per a week they have a lesson in the afternoon as well. The breaks are 15 minutes long and there is a lunch break which lasts one hour. The classes from 7th to 9th grades sometimes are only 45 minutes but they are usually 90 minutes, from 10th to 12th it is always 90 minutes.
There are some extra activities after school for example drama club, playing a musical instrument, science and of course you can choose some sports as well. You can do futsal, volleyball, badminton and basketball and it is possible to do them in the school because it has 3 fields and also a gym.
So this is all about the Portuguese educational system, we hope you got some new, important information.
By: Zsofi ,Marti, Bali, Gubalagabor
2. School Management
The most important thing in the school is respect. They have to respect the teachers and of course they have to respect the other students. It appears that if they have any problem first they try to talk about it . They try to see the points from both points of view, they talk about it with the parents. There is a team in the school with a psychologist, they are also here to solve the problem. They go to the headmasters only in serious cases.
The main rules are: The students are not allowed to eat and drink in the lessons because they have 15 minute long breaks and the headmasters think they have enough time to eat. They are also not allowed to use their mobile phones during the lessons, they can use it just in emergency cases. Smoking is completely forbidden in the school.
They have different grades of punishments. They do not take it very seriously if the students are late because the Portuguese people are usually late. So if they are late the teachers probably get angry but in most cases they ignore it. If they skip a lesson the school calls their parents. If they don’t do their homework or cheat while they are writing a test, the punishment depends on the teacher. If the problem is serious they might have to go out of the classroom or go to see the team. If the problem increases they can get a suspension (1-10 days).
Most of the problems are in the 7th grade because they do not know where they are😀 It changes in the 10th grade because they become more serious.
The jobs of the headmasters are to make the timetables, solve the problems and deal with the students.
The differences between the Hungarian and the Portuguese schools are: In the Hungarian school the rules of eating and drinking in the lessons are not as strict as here and respect does not seem to be as important as here. But to be late or skip a lesson is taken more seriously in our school because after being late three times we get some lines in our student’s book from the head of the class and after we get three more we have to go to the headmaster. The other rules are almost the same as in Portugal.
Thank you for your attention!🙂
By: Timi, Edit, Timi
3. Innovation projects in school
We interviewed three students from the school about our topic. They are in a class who produces biodiesel. There are 20 students in that class and they are working in groups made of 3-4 people. They have a teacher who started this project 6 years ago and now he is using biodiesel in his car and it really works.
Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone, or blended with petrodiesel. Maybe it can be used for planes as well, a test flight has been performed. Biodiesel can also be used as a heating fuel in domestic and commercial boilers.
They started this project because that is their assignment. They have a special machine that they use to make biodiesel. Biodiesel is better than the petrodiesel because it is cheaper, better for the environment, there is more energy in it, and doesn`t contain toxic. But petrodiesel is better in cold weather.
Biodiesel can be made of the oil that was already used in the kitchen, so it is recycling. From 100 liter vegetable oil (eg. Sunflower) you get 50 liter biodiesel. 30 years from now we will run out of petrodiesel so we will have to use biodiesel.
They have to wash the oil four times before they get real biodiesel and after that it is put to the sun to make it dry.
They also have a video about how to do it, every little detail was shown. It was very interesting but it was in Portuguese, but we understood everything. We got to know that Rudolf Diesel who was a German mechanical engineer invented biodiesel when he realized that we have a very small amount of diesel.
The next project of the class will be making beer. They will sell their beer and see which method is the best to make beer. There will be a competition between the groups. They haven`t had an idea about how to do it yet. They often have new projects.
By: Kitti, Heni, Petra
4. Student’s view on school
Hungarian students were put into four groups. Our groups had to ask our partners about what they are thinking about the school. And to know it we wrote some questions that we told them yesterday.
As far as we are concerned the most important question in connection with this topic is what they like the most in the school. From the first time they have known the answer it was obvious for them and they told immediately: THE EXCHANGE PROGRAMME.
It was worth coming to this school – as they told, because they have had already friends here, but the classes are different. Some of them has groups but most of the classes are all together like sisters and brothers, they are all friends.
They all love the school day , this is their favourite organisation from the programmes. They can show their talent on different kinds of fields.
They are content with the environment, they find it beautiful but they prefer having music. They really love the bar and the circle where they can do things for free and they try to look after the values of the school. For example : some of them take care of the windows like making sure that they are open , because of the disease: H1 N1
They go to school at 7:30 and the odd thing about this is that one lesson takes 90 minutes. In the breaks they sing, they talk, have fun, play the guitar, make the others upset ( Fustiga:) .
From four people three answered that they like going to this school and this is the result of that they have very good relationships with each other. Fortunately the teachers and the students are always ready to help each other and to give advices.
As we recognized their school is so cultured there is a big space for them to do what they want for free. We would be happy if we had the same in every point of view.
5. Parent’s view on school
First of all we would tell you these aren’t only the parents opinion. When we started to do this project we didn’t know anything about the school, but we hoped this school isn’t so bad.
Some of the parents(who have been asked) think that this school is very good, but to the question why, they answered that for example: praised the personal contact between the parents and the teachers. If the child, student doesn’t learn well enough or hard the teachers call the parents to talk with them. We took the question to the parents why did they enter their child into this school. Some of them said this school is near to their home. The teachers are friendly and informal. We have the same opinion, because our two Portuguese exchanger teachers (Eugenia and Fernando) are very friendly and helpful.
The next thing that we were inquisitive how is the teaching way in this school in Portugal. All of the replier said that they appreciate the security of the school. They think their children are in safe.
The asked parents said the school trips are enough in a school year. That’s the truth we couldn’t get sufficent information from the places where do they (the students) go. So we know usually they visit museums or any monuments, but we didn’t get to know which places those. We can allude to exchange with Hungary, we are so glad to be here. One of the parents told us that this exchange makes reference to the opened sentiment. The school has two other exchanges. One with Belgium and one with the Netherlands.
Our opinion is the next: This school tries to do everything for the students. The school`s neighbourhood is not safe but in the school it is.This is the parents opinion, but we think everything is ok in this town, Almada.
Thank You for the attention!
by: Eniko, Peti, Istvan